Ancient aqueducts in Turkey





Other names: ./.  
Roman province: Pamphylia  
Location: Belkis, Antalya county, Province Antalya  

All aqueducts in the Roman provinces date from the Early and High Imperial Period (i.e. from the 1st to the 3rd century).
The Aspendos aqueduct has a special feature that is rare in Turkey: The printing towers necessary for the water supply of the Acropolis. The water brought from the Taurus Mountains at a distance of about 20 km had to be transported from the plain in front of the Acropolis Mountain near today's village Bekis to the Nymphaeum in the Acropolis. Printing towers were erected on both sides of the plain and connected to each other by means of a stone pressure pipe.
The free-flowing water coming from the mountains was collected in a basin in the pressure tower near today's village Sarıabalı and pressed to the required height in the southern tower by the dead weight of the water (a water pressure of 4.5 bar was calculated).
An earthquake in 363 AD destroyed large parts of the aqueduct. The further use of the perforated bricks of the pressure pipeline during the construction of the bridge over the Eurymedon shows that the aqueduct was no longer in operation from this time.

The history of Aspendos:  

According to Greek tradition, Aspendos was founded around the 12th century BC by settlers from the Peloponnesian Argos. The legendary seer Mopsos, who was also revered by cities such as Perge as the city father, was considered one of the founders. The city had a very eventful history and was under Lydian, Persian, Greek, Ptolemaic, Seleucid, Roman, Byzantine and Seljuk rule for 800 years. Little is known about their Greek history - excavations can certainly bring more knowledge about the pre-Roman period in the future. The Battle of Eurymedon is documented in literature.
As a port city, Aspendos was formerly connected to the sea by the Eurymedon River (now Köprü Çayı) and thus achieved lasting prosperity. In the last battle of the Persian Wars, the Athenian general and fleet commander Kimon defeated the Persians there in a double battle on land and sea in 466 BC. Since then Eurymedon politically marked the separation of the spheres between the eastern Persian sphere of influence and the Greek Asia Minor in the west. Under Alexander the Great Aspendos became tributary after initial resistance. In Roman times the city was able to establish a predominantly good relationship with Rome and flourished as an important trading centre for the region. Especially the export of wine, oil, salt and horses brought Aspendos wealth and prosperity. In the Byzantine period the city was called Primoupolis for a time. Aspendos was the seat of a bishop; the titular bishopric of Aspendos of the Roman Catholic Church goes back to the bishopric.



The pressure tower in Belkis  
The pressure tower in Sarıabalı  
Stones of the pressure pipe    
Photos: @chim    
Translation aid:    
Source: Wikipedia and others